Pre Exposure Prophylaxis is taking medication on a daily basis to reduce the risk of gettting HIV. PrEP is only recommended for use in people at high & ongoing risk for HIV infection. In Australia this includes:
- Sexual partners of people with HIV:
- who have a detectable viral load or started HIV treatment within the last 6 months, and
- who have condomless vaginal or anal sex
- Gay & homesexually active men:
- who have multiple events of condomless anal sex,
- who had a diagnosis of rectal gonorrhoea or chlamydia in the last 3 months
- who had recent methamphetamine use in the last 3 months.
- Transgender men & women may also be recommended to have PrEP should their sexual behaviour be similarly described as above.
Who should not take PrEP?
PrEP is generally not recommended for:
- heterosexual men & women whose sexual partners are not HIV positive, or
- gay & homosexually active men who are at low risk of acquiring HIV
How effective is PrEP?
Many recent research studies in different populations around the world have measured the effectiveness of PrEPat least a 92% chance of lowering their risk of HIV & possibly up to 95%.